The following information is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of your physician, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to indicate that use of the drug is safe, appropriate, or effective for you. Consult your healthcare professional before using this drug.
GABAPENTIN - ORAL
COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Neurontin
This medication is taken with other medications to help control seizure disorders. Gabapentin is also used to decrease nerve pain associated with herpes zoster infection.
Gabapentin may also be used to treat pain due to abnormal nerve stimulation (neuropathic pain).
How To Use
Take this medication by mouth exactly as prescribed. During the first few days your doctor may gradually increase your dose to allow your body to adjust to the medication. To minimize side effects, take the very first dose at bedtime. For best effects, take this medication at evenly spaced times throughout the day and night. This will ensure a constant level of drug in your body. Do not take this more often or increase your dose without consulting your doctor. Your condition will not improve any faster but the risk of serious side effects may be increased. Do not stop taking this drug suddenly since seizures may reoccur. Your dose should be gradually reduced over time.
This drug is usually well tolerated. Drowsiness, dizziness, unsteadiness, fatigue or nausea may occur. If these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor. Unlikely to occur but report promptly: mental or mood changes, tingling or numbness of the hands or feet, swelling of ankles, vision problems, fever, unusual bleeding. Very unlikely to occur but report promptly: fainting, difficulty moving, stiffness, uncontrolled movements, stomach or abdominal pain, leg pain, chest pain, trouble breathing. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Tell your doctor your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, drug allergies. Use caution operating machinery or engaging in activities that require alertness. Limit alcohol intake as it may intensify the dizziness/drowsiness effect of this drug. This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. Gabapentin passes into breast milk. Because the effects of this drug on the nursing infant are not known, consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
Tell your doctor of any over-the-counter or prescription medication you use, especially of: other medication for seizures, antacids. Because antacids may interfere with the absorption of this medication, it is best to take gabapentin at least 2 hours after taking an antacid. Do not take them at the same time. Do not start or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval.
If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately.
Laboratory tests may be done periodically while taking this medication to monitor the effects. See your doctor regularly.
Try to take each dose at the scheduled time. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as remembered; do not take it if it is near the time for the next dose, instead, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not "double-up" the dose to catch up.
Store this medication at room temperature between 59 and 86 degrees F (between 15 and 30 degrees C) away from heat and light Do not store in the bathroom. Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children. The oral solution form of this drug must be refrigerated between 36-46 degrees F (2-8 degrees C).
Your condition can cause complications in a medical emergency. For enrollment information call MedicAlert at 1-800-854-1166 (USA), or 1-800-668-1507 (Canada).